Salah: How Hadith rejecters define it?
All praises are due to Allah and may peace and blessings be upon his final prophet. There is a lot of debate nowadays between the main stream Muslims and the Hadith rejecters who call themselves as “Quranists”. Quranists claim that the true and only source of law is Quran while they consider the literature of “Hadith” or the Prophetic “Sunnah” a conspiracy against the teachings of the Qur‟an. This thought gave rise to some serious questions especially about those practices in which Sunnah plays a key role like Salah, Zakah, Hajj, Sawm etc. The most debatable issue among these is how Quranist perform the Salah, as there is no procedure mentioned in the Qur‟an. This led Quranist to concoct new definitions of this Qur‟anic term which contradicts with what is mentioned in the Sunnah of Prophet. Some people came up with different methods of “Salah” which were unknown to Ummah till 19th century. Let‟s analyze how Quranists describe the word “Salah” which is mentioned in the Quran. Dr. Shabbir a famous Quranist says in his commentary QXP about verse No. 3 of surah baqarah. Those who (wish to journey through life in honor and security), believe in the Unseen. (They recognize the Law of Cause and Effect although the stages may not always be obvious to them) and establish the divinely Prescribed System of Life, keeping open for others the resources that We have granted them. Now here is the definition of Salah and Aqimussallat given by the same person in the beginning of his commentary. Salaat = To follow closely, like a runners-up (Musalli) follows the winning horse (Saabiq) = To follow Divine Commands closely. Aqimussallat = Establish the System that facilitates the following of Divine Commands. He further quotes in Surah Nisa After you are done with the congregation, remain mindful of God – standing, sitting or lying down. When you feel secure once again, establish Salaat as usual. Salaat at the times appointed by the Central Authority is mandatory unto believers [04:103].
Now see the contradiction in the commentary. If Salah already means to follow the divine commands closely, isn‟t this childish to say that Central Authority will appoint the times at which people have to offer “Salah” i.e. to follow the divine commands closely according to Mr. Shabbir. In other words there are few times when you have to follow the divine commands and that is too when you feel secure and when Central Authority is in the mood to call people for congregation. Imagine if Delhi is the capital of the Islamic state (India) i.e. central authority is at Delhi and then it calls people for Salah then what will be the situation at that time and now imagine if Islamic state is as big as was in the reign of second Caliph Umar radiallahu anhu. Furthermore there is not a single term in the Quran which can be translated as “Central Authority”. Since there is no “Central Authority” at the moment so muslims have the privilege not to offer the salah in congregation till the establishment of Central Authority. Another important point is what is the status of “Wadhu”? If Salah means to follow the commands closely i.e we have to follow them 24 hours a day which means we should be in state of Wudhu at every moment which raises another question when should we perform the Wudhu as we are following commands closely i.e performing “Salah” at every moment. May be only once in lifetime. Another question arises what breaks the Wudhu? More interestingly prophet himself was unable to establish such authority which is explained by Mr. Shabbir in his QXP and the central authority of Mr. Shabbir can appoint the times of Salah but the authority of Mohammad alaihi Salam cannot even think. Strange! This is the one aspect of Quranist interpretation of Salah.
Now let’s analyze it according to another person namely Rashid Khalifa another famous Hadith rejecter. What he says in his commentary about the above verse of surah Baqarah and Nisa. [2:3] who believe in the unseen, observe the Contact Prayers (Salat),* and from our provisions to them, they give to charity. *2:3 Since the Contact Prayers are decreed five times a day, they constitute the prime source of nourishment for our souls. Along with all other practices in Submission, the Contact Prayers were originally revealed through Abraham (21:73, 22:78). Although these five daily prayers were practiced before the revelation of the Quran, each Contact Prayer is specifically mentioned in the Quran (24:58, 11:114, 17:78, & 2:238). Appendices 1 & 15 provide physical evidence supporting ALL the details of the Contact Prayers, including the number of units (Rak’aas) and the numbers of bowings, prostrations, and Tashahhuds in each prayer. And [4:103] Once you complete your Contact Prayer (Salat), you shall remember GOD while standing, sitting, or lying down.* Once the war is over, you shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat); the Contact Prayers (Salat) are decreed for the believers at specific times.
And the procedure of Salah according to Rashid Khalifa is mentioned in his book called “The contact prayers (Salah)” Even he has mentioned the procedure of Adhan in his book and that is “Allah u Akbar Allah u Akbar Allah u Akbar Allah u Akbar, La ilaha Illa Allah but where he gets this method from? Allah knows the best. These people say that since Salah was prescribed to prophet Ibrahim alaihi Salam and the original Abrahimic Salah is that what Mr. Khalifa has written in his document. Amazingly if 1400 years old Salah is corrupted then how can we expect that the method which is provided by Mr. Khalifa is pure and without any corruption and is thousands of years old. Remember Rashid Khalifa is of the opinion that the last two verses of the surah Tawbah are fabricated. In the beginning of the commentary of Qur‟an written by Rashid Khalifa you can find these lines written: During the re-arrangement process, the scribes who idolized the Prophet added two verses at the end of Sura 9, the last sura revealed in Medina. This blasphemous act resulted in a 50-year war between Ali Ibn Abi Taaleb and his supporters on one side and the distorters of the Quran on the other side. The war ended when Hussein ibn Ali and his family were martyred in Karbala. It was the Umayyad ruler Marwan Ibn Al-Hakam (died in 684 AD) who destroyed the original Quran that was written by Muhammad’s hand, “fearing the eruption of new disputes.” God’s Messenger of the Covenant has presented overwhelming evidence that 9:128-129 do not belong in the Quran (Appendix 24). With the removal of these false verses, the Quran has finally been restored. Our generation is the first ever to receive the Quran in its purified and finalized form (see Appendix 1 and 28). And do you know who is this God‟s Messenger of Covenant? He is none other than Rashid Khalifa himself…. Now you can have a big laugh on this treachery against Islam by these so called reformers…..
The curse of Allah be on them! How are they deluded (away from the Truth)!
See what Kasim amin says in his book “Hadith: Re evaluation” All the prophets and their true followers since Abraham practiced them, but, as the Quran also informs us, later generations, including the Arabs at the advent of Muhammad, had lost these prayers. And after few lines he says: “A moment’s thought will also make us realize that we do not learn how to pray from the Hadith. We learn to do so from our parents and teachers who inherit the practice through the generations from the first source that is Prophet Abraham”. Now see the contradiction at one place he says prayers were lost and at second place he says that these prayers came to us through Ibrahim alaihi Salam, then what was lost? And Mr. G.A Parweez says that the Salah we are performing today reached to us through “Tawatur” and those practices which are practiced by the Muslims through “Tawatur” should be accepted but still does Quran gives us the procedure of Salah? If not then why are you people contradict with your own theory. Amazingly the concept of “Tawatur” is not mentioned in the Quran anywhere. So how can a Quranist take the help from a non-quranic concept…? Amazing. isn’t it?
And some people among whom G.A Parvez and Shabir Ahmad are prominent says Salah means to get together into the mosque, there is a social, political, financial, or military problem at hand – over which consultations and distribution of duties are required as pointed out by Syed Iqbal Zaheer in his editorial of May 2012 of YMD… He says: Now, if we take Salah in the sense of consultations, distribution of responsibilities, etc. how do we understand the following verse which deals with Salah in battle-fields? “If you happen to be with them (O Prophet), and you establish the Salah, then let a group of them stand with you, and let them take their arms. Then, when they have done their Sujud, let them fall back to your rear, and let the other group which did not do the Salah come up and do Salah with you.” [Al-Nisa: 102] If we do not take the meaning that every Arab child takes of the word Salah, then how does the rejecter of Hadith understand the following? “Believers, when you establish the Salah, then wash your faces, hands up to the elbows, wipe your heads, and (wash) your feet up to the ankles.” [Al-Maidah: 06] Does the above mean those who are called through the Adhan for consultations, distribution of political, financial, administrative and military duties, must make Wudu before they come?
And if anyone of you search wikipedia here is what you will get under the heading of Quranism under the column of Quranism in the row of Salah:
“Regarding prayer Quranists fall into a few categories. There is a group who combine the five prayers into three prayers like Shias. There are those who pray five times a day like Sunnis. There are those who pray 2 times a day (dawn and dusk to include the times of night closest to these) because the Quran only mentions two prayers in the Quran by name. There are also the fringe groups who redefine the Arabic term used for prayer (salat) as something other than prayer. Some Quranists continue to pray in the orthodox manner while others just incorporate bowing and prostration without following the orthodox formula of movement.” These are few major Quranists whose concepts I have mentioned above. There are other people among them who used to offer Salah and only do “Qiyam” and recite only the verses of Quran in it. Interestingly Sir Syed Ahmad Khan who is considered to be the founder of this school translates the word “Salah” in “Nimaz”. And most of the Quranists do not offer Salah. There are only theories in this version of Islam because everybody has its own perception and understanding of a particular verse e.g In a debate a Quranist translated the verse 16. of Surah Israh: “We place shields around their hearts, to prevent them from understanding it, and deafness in their ears. And when you mention your Lord, using the QURAN ALONE, they run away in aversion” as if the Makkan Mushriks were believing in Ahadith and Prophet was forbidding them from doing so. Syed Iqbal Zaheer very nicely pointed out the real motive of these people while commenting on a book written by a Hadith Rejecter. “It is obvious that the compiler would not like to submit to the Law of Islam, which depends heavily on the Hadith. But since he cannot directly say so, he finds fault in Bukhari. If Bukhari can be criticized, what other collection can escape? Thus, the Law of Islam is done away with.”
My simple question to Quranists If Prophet told his companions that Quran is the only source of law from Allah and if four rightly guided Caliphs conveyed the same message to the people then what was the need for fabricating the Ahadith when even Sahih ahadith were unacceptable to the masses. Why people divided on the fabricated narrations when they were taught that Hadith is not the source of Islam. Why non-Muslims adopted the route of fabrication of Ahadith rather than creating confusions in the text of the Quran when they knew that Muslims don‟t believe in ahadith.